Challenging Behaviour

The majority of the students enrolled at Kamaruka Education Centre have a history of challenging behaviour. The following strategies and procedures are implemented to safeguard staff, students, visitors and members of the public.

Student behaviour is discussed at daily staff briefings each morning before school. All staff are briefed on procedures for dealing with violent incidents at the start of the school year and at each curriculum day, as the need arises.

Classroom teachers are advised to remove students from a class if an uncontrollable student poses a physical threat to them or staff. The classroom teacher should consult with the Principal and police notified if the student continues to be a risk.

An Incident Report must be completed by staff members involved in any physical incident with any member of the Kamaruka Education Centre community.

Classroom Environment

  • Classroom seating arranged to minimise interaction between students who have conflicting personalities.
  • Students not permitted to move around the classroom or between classrooms without permission.
  • A staff member to be present in classroom during lunch and recess.
  • Two staff members to be present during class time or within hearing distance of that class.
  • A male staff member to be within the proximity of each class if needed to physically restrain a student.
  • No student permitted to leave the school building without permission.
  • All internal glass windows, doors & partitions to be fitted with safety glass.
  • Minimal access to sharp or dangerous objects in classroom environment e.g. Stanley knives, scissors, glass materials etc.
  • Physical layout of class to be such that all students are in view of a teacher.
  • Lockers and bags checked at random for banned objects.

Excursions & School Camps

  • Risk Assessment to be conducted prior to each camp (Pro forma guide)
  • Bags checked before all camps.
  • Excursions & camps supervised by at least two teaching staff, one of which must be a male.
  • During Bush Camps, all student knives to be kept by staff and distributed for specific uses. Students not to have access to knives overnight.
  • During bush camps, no student permitted to enter another person’s tent without permission.
  • Any student exhibiting behaviour deemed to be detrimental to the safety of any member at the camp will be sent home after making arrangements with parents/carers.

Martial Arts

  • Students will not be permitted to participate in free sparring until they have demonstrated a safe level of control as determined by the Principal or Martial Arts instructor delegated by the Principal.
  • Any student reported as having used any form of violence at school, at home or in public, will be banned from training for a period of time determined by the Principal.
  • No jewellery is permitted to be worn during training sessions.
  • Mouth guards must be worn during sparring sessions.

Evacuation procedure

  • Floor plans are posted at several locations throughout the school

with evacuation procedures and assembly areas. In each semester, evacuation drills are conducted to familiarize students and staff with the appropriate action in the event an evacuation is necessary.

 Manual Handling


  • Students must be supervised by a teacher in any circumstance involving the lifting of heavy objects.
  • When setting up tables for Art and Science, students must be instructed to work in pairs for moving trestle tables.
  • Staff members should not attempt to lift any heavy object that they could not expect a student to lift.


  • No student is permitted to climb a ladder. Only staff members with appropriate training and permission from the principal are permitted to climb a ladder.

Hazardous Materials

  • All chemicals used for Science to be kept in a locked cupboard.
  • Art materials are to be kept in the Art Storage area which is not accessible to students without supervision.

First Aid

  • See First Aid Policy.


  • Work areas and walkways to be kept free of obstacles.
  • Floor around student tables to be kept clear for unobstructed movement around the classroom.
  • School bags, clothing, shoes etc to be kept in lockers.


  • Appropriate footwear must be worn. Neither staff or students are permitted to wear open toed footwear at school during normal school days.
  • Art smocks must be worn when working with damaging materials.
  • Personal Protective Equipment to be worn in Science Lab when necessary.
  • During outdoor activities such as excursions and hikes, students will be expected to wear hats for sun protection and sunscreen.

OHS will be a standing agenda item at each of the Curriculum Day meetings held each term. At the first staff meeting at the commencement of each school year, the following Safety Checklists will be filled out by the principal and staff:

  1. Manual Handling Checklist
  2. Inspection Safety Checklist

All policy documents are accessible on the Kamaruka website and are available for staff to view in each staff room.  Copies are provided for parents with enrolment forms.

Reviewed, modified and approved by the Kamaruka Advisory Committee, as recorded in the minutes of the meeting held on this 28th day of July 2016.



The Department for Education and Children’s Services (DECS) has a commitment to the health, safety and welfare of its employees, clients, visitors and any other persons who may enter or be working on DECS buildings or sites.

Contractors working on behalf of DECS will be required to comply with the Occupational Health Safely & Welfare Act, 1986, relevant regulations, codes of practice, Australian Standards and local health and safety policies.

The relevant Contract Manager, worksite manager or delegate will provide the contractor (and contractors employees) prior to commencing work, information on the worksite occupational health and safety policies which may be relevant to the work to be undertaken. A signed copy of the Contractor Acceptance Agreement will be kept on file.

Contractors will be expected to supply their own machinery, equipment and protective clothing in order to maintain safe systems of work. All plant and protective equipment should be in sound working order. The contractor (and employees) will be expected to have a high standard of knowledge of occupational health and safety and in the safe systems of work to ensure that risks of injury, either to the occupants of the worksite, the public, to themselves or DECS employees, is avoided.

The following Procedures for Contractors on DECS Worksites and any site specific policies will be enforced by DECS

These ‘PROCEDURES FOR CONTRACTORS ON WORKSITES’ and any site specific policies, must be understood and the Contractor(s) must agree to abide by the procedures prior to any work commencing. The procedures have been developed to assist in the protection of the health, safety and welfare of ALL people at the worksite.

Failure to comply with the provisions of the Occupational Health, Safety and Welfare Act, 1986 (OHSWA) and Regulations, could result in work ceasing until the matter has been rectified. Any stoppage due to non-compliance with the OHSWA by the contractor will be at the expense of the contractor. Work will only be allowed to recommence upon compliance.


  1. Worksite Induction of Contractors
    Prior to commencement of work in DECS premises or sites, contractors are required to report to the officer in charge of the site.The following matters, where applicable, will be explained and/or demonstrated
    • first aid facilities:
    • washing and toilet facilities (children’s toilets are not to be used);
    • drinking water facilities; evacuation procedures;
    • designated hazard areas;
    • reasonably foreseeable worksite hazards which may Act workers on the project;
    • restricted areas;
    • hazardous substances (including asbestos) in and around the worksite security details:
    • parking requirements;
    • speed limits;
    • any other advice and instruction required to carry out work in a safe and healthy manner.

All employees of the Contractor who will be working at the site will be inducted.

Records will be kept of the participants and the induction process.

  1. Non English speaking background
    Contractors shall take into account issues relating to people of non-English speaking background and all appropriate information provided from the contractor to the contractor’s employees shall be disseminated in an appropriate language and form.
  1. Confidentiality
    All Contractors and their staff shall be required to keep confidential any information that they might gain access to in their day to day work in or around DECS premises.
  1. Security
    Any Contractor or person associated with the contract may be asked by the Officer in Charge or authorised officer at any time to open and disclose the contents of any bag, package, toolbox, or vehicle in their possession or control when entering, leaving or whilst on a DECS premises.It is a condition of entry to any DECS premises that the Contractor or person associated with the contractor acknowledges this condition of entry.
  1. Delivery of Matetials
    Contractors who are expecting deliveries of equipment and materials shall advise the Officer in Charge of the approximate time and location of the delivery, the name of the organisation making the delivery and the type of goods being delivered (particularly hazardous substances).
  2. Storage
    Storage areas for the Contractor’s materials and equipment will not be provided by the Department. The Department shall not be responsible for the secure storage of any  article belonging to the Contractor or Contractor’s employees that may be left on the premises.
  1. Legislation
    The requirements of all relevant Occupational Health Safety & Welfare legislation shall be met by contractors and their employees while on DECS sites
  1. Risk Assessments
    As required by the Occupational Health Safety and Welfare legislation all items of plant. Hazardous substances and electrical equipment must be subject to a risk assessment to minimise tile risk of injury.
  1. Safe Work Procedures
    Contractors are to provide a safe system of work fora] 1 hazardous tasks undertaken and may be required to produce documentary evidence of safe work procedures, training records and their occupational health and safety policies. All personnel on site will be expected to follow safe work procedures and comply with all relevant safety legislation.
  1. Protective Clothing and Equipment
    At all times contractors must observe safe work practices. Where other control measures cannot be reasonably incorporated, protective clothing, should be worn to protect the contractor and/or contractor’s employees.
  1. Potential Hazards
    The worksite manager shall inform and provide relevant information to the contractor of any potential hazard or hazardous activity being carried out in the vicinity of the workplace at which the contractor, its employees, agents, sub-contractors and employees are performing work or services pursuant to the Contract. Contractors will immediately report any hazards identified so that appropriate actions can be implemented to reduce the risk of injury or risks to health.
  1. Housekeeping
    The contractor shall ensure that all means of access and egress to workplaces are kept clear and that all work areas are maintained in a tidy manner. Any surplus or scrap material must be regularly removed from site in a manner which will not contaminate the environment. In the event of any spillage of any substance the contractor shall immediately:
  • safely clean up and remove the spillage and make safe the surface upon which the substance has been spilled;
  • ensure that the spillage does not recur,
  • notify the site manager/contract liaison person;
  • ensure notice of the spillage is erected in the vicinity and that pedestrian traffic and other traffic is redirected until the spillage is cleaned;
  • notify relevant authorities in the case of a hazardous substance spillage.
  1. Damage to Premises
    The Contractor shall take such steps as are necessary that die premises, including all floor coverings, furniture and fittings, are not stained, marked or otherwise damaged during the contract. Any damage caused to DECS property or as a result of the Contractor’s operations shall be made good at the Contractor’s cost.
  1. Emergency Evacuation and Fire Procedure
    In the event of an evacuation (real or for practice purposes) contractors and their employees are required to follow instructions from the warden. If no warden is present evacuation will be via the nearest emergency exit. The building will not be re-entered until the all clear is given by the warden or the emergency services. Contractors and their employees are expected to acquaint themselves with the location of all fire fighting equipment and it’s correct use.
  1. Fire Prevention
    To guard against the risk of fire it is essential to “shut off” all oxy/acetylene, welding and heating equipment at least thirty minutes prior to leaving the worksite. Prior to vacating the worksite a visual cheek around the worksite must be undertaken. Suitable fire extinguishers of sufficient capacity must be provided when undertaking any work involving welding, grinding, heat treatment or any work requiring the use of flame. The contractor shall ensure that at all times there is free and unobstructed access and egress around the worksite. All combustible materials which are not part of the work must be removed from site at the end of each work day.
  1. Danger and Out of Service Tags
    If a Danger or Out of Service tag is fixed to plant, equipment or machinery the equipment shall not be used. The tag can only be removed by:
    the person who attached the tag if the person who attached the tag is absent, a supervisor responsible for the operation of the equipment or workshop after site inspection reveals that it is safe to do so the maintenance person who carried out the repairs
  1. Reporting and investigating injury accidents, incidents and dangerous occurrences
    Any dangerous occurrence as defined in the OHSW Regulations shall be reported to the Department for Industrial Affairs as prescribed. All injury accidents will be recorded and investigated to enable preventive actions to be taken to reduce the chance of any recurrences. All accidents occurring at the workplace or in connection with the performance of the contract where the accident results in injury to a person or damage to property will be immediately reported to the worksite manager by the contractor, The contractor must also keep detailed and timely records of any accidents and shall make those records available to the worksite manager when requested (and copied if necessary). Any costs incurred through the treatment of injuries to the contractor or employees of the contractor are to be met by the contractor.
  1. Workplace Inspections
    The contractor shall grant the worksite manager or delegate access to any DECS premise or workplace at which the contractor is performing work or services pursuant to the contract for the purpose of conducting a site audit. Where the worksite manager or his delegate brings to the attention of the contractor any activity or omission of the contractor which the worksite manager or delegate considers to be a breach of these procedures, the project manager shall immediately take all necessary steps to rectify such breach.
  1. Resolution of Health. Safety or Welfare Issues
    The contractor must immediately notify the worksite manager in the event of either an Improvement Notice, Prohibition Notice or a Default Notice being issued. In the case of a Prohibition Notice or a Default Notice, any specified work activities must cease until such time as the issuing party is satisfied that adequate measures have been taken to avert, eliminate or minimise any risk to health or safety.
  1. Personal Conduct
    All contractors will adopt safe work practices/methods and conform to all safety regulations and follow any Standard Work Procedure that is in place. Harassment of any form directed at any individual or group is unacceptable.
  1. Smoking
    DECS recognises that smoking is hazardous to health, and that non-smokers should be protected from the involuntary inhalation of tobacco smoke. Accordingly, smoking of any type is prohibited inside all DECS buildings/ structures and government vehicles. ‘Re contractor should be aware of any other restrictions applicable at the worksite.
  1. Alcohol and other Drugs
    All employees at the worksite must ensure that they are not, by consumption of alcohol or a drug, in such a state as to endanger his/her own safety at work or the safety of an\. other person at the worksite. Contractors will be responsible for ensuring so far as is reasonable that the site remains alcohol and drug free.
  1. Vehicles and mobile plant
    All motor vehicles brought onto the worksite shall be parked in spaces identified during the induction process. The drivers of all motor vehicles are to observe the speed restrictions, road signs, traffic flows and pedestrian traffic requirements for that worksite. All operators of vehicles on the worksite are to have appropriate licences available for presentation on request.
  1. Radio/Cassette Players
    Walkman style radio/cassette players are not permitted on worksites. The sound levels from any radios must be maintained at a level which will not annoy other occupants of the worksite or mask any alarms or warning devices thus causing a potential risk to people on the worksite in the event of an emergency.
  1. Manual Handling
    All manual handling tasks must be assessed and reasonable steps taken to ensure that risks identified will not cause injury. The Approved Code of Practice for Manual Handling and Division 2.9 – Manual Handling of the OHSW Regulations must be complied with.
  1. Motors, Machinery and Equipment
    Stationary internal combustion engines will not be used within buildings or enclosed areas unless an attached extraction unit is operating and is capable of ensuring that no residue fumes remain in the area. Care must be exercised when positioning the extraction system to ensure that fumes are not drawn into air handling or air conditioning intakes.
  1. Noise levels
    Noise from equipment being used must not exceed prescribed levels for hearing conservation (Division 2. 10, OHSW Regulations 1995) or recommended levels for areas of occupancy in buildings (refer Australian Standard AS 2107 “Acoustics Recommended design sound levels and reverberation times for building interiors”). Where high noise levels will be produced by certain operations, consideration must be given to carrying out the process during a time outside normal occupancy times.
  1. Use of Chemicals (hazardous substances)
    ‘The worksite manager must approve the use of any chemicals (hazardous substances) in or around any DECS premises. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) must be on site for every hazardous substance used. The MSDS must be readily available for use in any, emergency. An assessment of the use of the substances must be undertaken and the substance used in the least hazardous manner for the work practice and working environment.
  1. Asbestos
    The Government of South Australia has an ongoing commitment to the identification and removal of asbestos and asbestos products from all SA Government worksites. Asbestos registers are continually being developed and upgraded as asbestos is identified. Contractors who encounter or suspect that asbestos is present shall cease work immediately and inform the worksite manager who will arrange for verification and safe removal if necessary. Asbestos and asbestos products are to be removed in accordance with the Occupational Health, Safety and Welfare Regulations, 1995 and Approved Code of Practice.
  1. Electrical testing and use of Residual Current Devices (RCDs)
    All electrical hand tools and electrical equipment must be fitted with an RCD at the source of power. The contractor must provide a portable RCD when a non-portable RCD is not installed. Portable RCDs provided by the contractor must be tested and maintained in accordance with the OHS&W Regulations, 1995, Div 2.5.5. All extension loads must comply with AS 3000 – Wiring Rules. All electrical tools must be isolated from the electricity supply at the end of each shift. Records of testing of all electrical equipment must be provided to the building manager (refer Australian Standard AS 3760 1n service safety inspection and testing of electrical equipment”.
  1. Working Alone
    If any employees are working alone it is the responsibility of the Contractor to provide suitable systems of communication to ensure that assistance can be provided should an emergency occur.
  1. Excavations and Trenches
    No mechanical excavations are to proceed until all underground power cables, communications and other services have been identified and located through manual digging. Trenches over 1.5 metres deep must be shored and safe exits provided. All excavations, (and other floor openings, holes etc) are to be barricaded against accidental falls. All excavation work is to be carried out in accordance with Division 5.5 of the Occupational Health, Safety and Welfare Regulations, 1995.
  1. Protective Screens
    When grinding, sanding and welding, a protective screen must be used to protect and exclude personnel, public and equipment from hazards.
  1. Working at Heights
    Contractors must ensure that any workers who work at heights have an established system of work to protect themselves and other people in the vicinity. If work must be performed at height, appropriate walkways, scaffolding or safety harness must be provided and used. Ladders must be secured/fastened in accordance with recognised standards. People at the lower level must be protected from objects which may fall from above. No item of plant or materials are to be thrown from the work location to ground level.
  1. Working in Confined Spaces
    All die requirements of Australian Standard AS 2865, “Safe Working in a Confined Space”, must be met for work in confined spaces.
  1. Explosive Power Tools
    Subject to the prior written approval of the Contract Manager and compliance with Department for Industrial Affairs and SA Government regulations, the use of low velocity tools may be permitted. Under no circumstance will approval be granted for the use of high velocity tools. All operators of explosive power tools must have an authorised, current certificate and be over the age of 18. When in use suitable warning signs must be displayed.
  1. Diving
    All diving work must be carried out by certificated occupational divers in accordance with the requirements of Australian Standard 2299, “Occupational Diving”.


Contractor Acceptance Agreement



I …………………………………………………………………………of ………….…………………………….(Contractor Name – please print)                                                    (Company Name)


Of………………………………………………………………………………………………(Address of company)


declare that I/We


  1. understand the obligations under the Occupational Health Safety & Welfare Act,

1986, Regulations, Approved Codes of Practice and Australian Standards that are

applicable to my/our vocational classification and to the circumstances in which the

contract will be effected;

  1. agree to provide a safe system of work for the duration of the contract;
  2. possess skills, knowledge and experience derived from formal training in safe work
  3. procedures that are applicable to the work that will he performed for this contract;
  4. have certification and qualifications that are required by lawful regulations for my
  5. vocational classification;
  6. will cease working, make safe the workplace and contact the worksite manager if 1
  7. become aware of danger to myself or others during the period of the contract;
  8. a current Workers Compensation and Rehabilitation Insurance Policy is in place;
  9. understand that any Contractor or person associated with the contract may be asked by the Officer in Charge or authorised officer at any time to open and disclose the contents of any bag, package, toolbox, or vehicle in their possession or control when entering, leaving or whilst on a DECS premises.

Agree that for the purpose of this contract that the (organisations) representative is:

…………………………………………………………………………………………………(Insert Name)

and the site means:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..(Insert site details)


Signature of Contractor:     Date:


…………………………………………………..     ——–/———/——–


The acceptance agreement is for the period…..……/………/………to. ……. /………/……..


unless terminated prior to that date through a breach of this agreement.