Despite possessing an average or above average IQ, the boys typically referred to Kamaruka have experienced social, emotional and academic hardship in mainstream school settings. To improve the educational experience for young people referred to Kamaruka, the academic curriculum focuses on literacy and numeracy. Written language, reading comprehension and mathematics make up the foundation of all other subjects. Attaining competences in these subjects enhances self-competence and can assist in improving engagement in education.

Kamaruka provides a personalised learning approach and students are challenged according to their ability level rather than age or year of schooling. To allow students to develop their self-esteem outside of academic sphere, students also take part in Martial Arts, a physical education program called Action 4, Drama, as well as Art.